Before you even think about which cosmetics to use for your skin, it’s important to know your skin type! Oily? Dry? Combination? Normal? How do you find your way around the different skin types? And what skincare products should you choose? We tell you all about it!

Why do you need to know your skin type?

It’s imperative to know your skin type, as this is precisely what determines the composition of your facial skincare routine. Among the many agents found in cosmetic products on the market, there are bound to be active ingredients and emollients that are more effective on certain skin types.

And beyond skin type, the condition of your skin also plays an important role in your cosmetic routine. Unlike type, condition changes with the seasons, your age, and the impact of external aggressors such as pollution or the sun.

There are four skin types

First thing to know: your skin type will remain the same throughout your life. At the beginning of the 20th century, the entrepreneur Helena Rubinstein defined four skin types: normal, dry, oily and combination. These standards are still valid today, and we’ve outlined the characteristics of these skin types below.

Normal skin

This type of skin has no imperfections, is shine-free, soft, even and comfortable – in short, ‘normal’ skin is actually perfect! Few people have this type of skin, which requires less care than other skin types. However, with the effects of ageing, skin can become drier.

Dry skin

Dry skin is subject to feelings of tightness and dehydration. So, of course, it needs to be moisturised every day, but that’s not all. They also need to be nourished! In practical terms, this means applying natural plant oils to your skin to make up for its thinness.

In this case, we recommend using our Anti-Pollution Tightening Serum, rich in vitamin C and specially designed for this type of skin, as well as tired or mature skin!

Sérum Tenseur Anti-Pollution Max & Florence

Oily skin

Oily skin, unlike dry skin, is characterised by an excess of sebum. This manifests itself in a shiny complexion, sometimes with enlarged pores and the appearance of certain imperfections. Be careful not to over-cleanse oily skin, to avoid dry skin problems. Instead, opt for moisturising cosmetic solutions suited to oily skin.

Combination skin

Finally, combination skin is a mixture of oily and dry areas on your face. There is excess sebum on the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin), while a lack of moisture is felt on the cheeks.

Be careful: skin condition is not the same as skin type!

As mentioned above, your current circumstances define the state of your skin. There are four types:

  • Dehydrated skin is not the same as dry skin, as it is caused by internal factors (stress, sleep) and external factors (cold, wind, tobacco, UV).
  • Secondly, if your skin feels uncomfortable, and is easily affected by redness and itching, you have sensitive skin; be careful, as this is more common with age.
  • In fact, it’s age that causes problems associated with mature skin: cells renew themselves less, the skin becomes thinner and thinner, and therefore more prone to dehydration.
  • Finally, depending on your genetics, you are more or less likely to develop acneic skin problems, which is when pimples, pustules and papules appear as a result of excess sebum on the face.

Do the handkerchief test!

You can determine your skin type for yourself!

All you have to do is remove your make-up, then cleanse your face thoroughly. After waiting half an hour, take a tissue and apply it to your face for a few seconds.

When you remove the tissue, you should notice one of three things:

  • No traces appear: you therefore have normal or dry skin
  • Some traces are visible on the forehead, nose and chin, so you have combination skin
  • And if, on the contrary, traces of oil are present all over the handkerchief, this means you have oily skin.

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